Dating vintage fabric, sharon's Antiques - Dating Antique Fabrics
The resulting cloth is heavy, wrinkle-resistant and retains its shape well. Indigo continued to be common in cotton fabrics through the Edwardian period. Crimplene was used in garments that required a permanently pressed look, such as skirts and trousers. Dacron is a condensation polymer obtained from ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid.
Colorfast Turkey red dye was made with oil, while more fugitive madder reds were made with water. Manganese dyes are often responsible for serious damage to the cloth and other adjacent dyes.
It is often paired with white in prints. Throughout much of the rest of the nineteenth century indigo blue was often seen as the background in prints, sometimes with the overlaying print in chrome yellow or orange.
As I was perusing the different fabrics listed there were a few items I think needed to be mentioned to aid in dating vintage clothing as well. Celanese Arnel Fabric Vintage Advertisement. Some of the fabrics or fiber names you may come across in vintage clothing are trademarks and may be mentioned on the labels. Vintage fabric of silk made by reknowned manufacturer Bianchini- Ferier.
Wool and flax were often dyed with this early indigo blue and used as a solid in wholecloth quilts and calamanco. Prussian Blue or Lafayette Blue Prussian blue was very popular in America in the s, and was first used in the United States in the early s. Chrome yellows are brighter than butterscotch, another popular yellow from the same period.
Manganese Bronze Manganese dyes were responsible for a deep, rich brown and was often used in floral patterns. Crimplene was often used to make the typical A-line dress and s fashion. Polyesters are made from chemical substances found mainly in petroleum and are manufactured in fibers. At the height of their popularity in the mid-nineteenth century, double pinks were often paired with madder or chocolate browns in quilts.
And while today's reproduction fabrics go a long way toward reproducing many of the characteristics of antique fabric, those of us who love them know there's no substitute for the real thing. Both of these hues have warmer undertone than bubblegum pink, which emerged as a quilt fabric, often as a solid rather than a print, in the twentieth century. Butterscotch Butterscotch fabrics often date to the middle of the nineteenth century and were frequently used as a background for a pieced pattern. Its properties include high tensile strength, high resistance to stretching, both wet and dry, alessandra ambrosio is dating and good resistance to degradation by chemical bleaches and to abrasion.
Fabric Dating References
Indigo Blue Indigo dye has a long history in the United States, and was used in quiltmaking from the eighteenth century onward.
While fabrics have been woven in various widths for centuries, the earliest machine printed calicos were all in the inch range. The Dupont Corporation created the first acrylic fibers in and trademarked them under the name Orlon. Madder browns often appeared in prints with browns of various hues.
Dating Vintage by Fabric
Fabric Dating References - QuiltIndex
In the early s, Crimplene began to fall out of fashion. Butterscotch prints are often small, with the motifs closely packed together. Greens were very popular in these decades, and Nile green often appears in quilts with other greens, such as mint, dark green and sage.
Bubblegum pinks, however, are easily distinguished from the others by their cool undertone and general resemblance to chewing gum. Madder orange, related to madder red, could be produced by varying the intensity of the dye. Encyclopedia of Pieced Quilt Patterns. Thus, this dye can help to both identify both the date and location in which a quilt was made. In the mid-nineteenth century, Turkey red often appears in prints which also contain chrome yellow or indigo blue.
Other, lighter-weight polyester fabrics like Trevira replaced Crimplene for their ease of movement and ventilation. Around the turn of the last century and through the s, Turkey red thread was used in redwork, red embroidery on a white or cream-colored ground. It is differentiated from another red dye made from madder, Turkey red, because of its dyeing process.
Turkey red was highly prized and is differentiated from madder red, a similar color made from the same plant, by its superior dye-making process. Bubblegum pinks were used in solids as well as prints. Water was used to make madder red dye, while oil was used to make Turkey red. Today, indigo blue dyes very similar to those made in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries are still common in African quiltmaking and are sometimes used in contemporary American art quilts. Prussian blue was commonly used in ombre prints, prints which featured a gradation from light to dark.
Sharon's Antiques - Dating Antique Fabrics
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